Thermal behaviour of heat treated polyester knitted fabrics

Henadeera Arachchige Ayomi Enoka Perera (Department of Textile and Clothing Technology, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Wilathgamuwage Don Gamini Lanarolle (Department of Textile and Clothing Technology, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Publication date: 23 July 2020



Thermoplastic polymer fabrics are normally heat set to make them dimensionally stable. These fabrics in garment panel form may again be exposed to heat during the processes such as bonding, sublimation printing and cause to change their dimensions. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the response of polyester yarns in knitted fabrics to heat setting and post-heat treatments.


In this study, the thermal shrinkage behaviour of heat set polyester knitted fabrics when subjected to post-heat treatment processes are analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and analysis of fabric shrinkage. DSC is a thermo-analytical technique that measures the difference in the amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of the sample and the reference. A heat flux versus temperature curve is one of the results of a DSC experiment. The polymer structure and morphology of polyester heat-treated and post-heat–treated fabrics were determined by examining the DSC thermograms.


Heat setting and post-heat setting causes the effective temperature of polyester to change. Effective temperature occurred around 160°C for fabrics heat set at low temperatures and increases as the heat setting temperature increases. Post-heat treatments cause to elevate the effective temperature. Shrinkage of fabrics below the effective temperature is not statistically significant while the shrinkage at higher temperatures is significant. Effective temperature is the main determinant of thermal shrinkage behaviour of polyester.


The study reveals the significance of the effective temperature of polyester on heat treatments and post-heat treatments. The study revealed that heat-setting temperature is a primary determinant of the thermal stability of polyester fabric that are subjected to heat treatments.



Perera, H.A.A.E. and Lanarolle, W.D.G. (2020), "Thermal behaviour of heat treated polyester knitted fabrics", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 305-319.

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