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Improving some functional utility properties of garment using cross-linked acrylic fabrics

Khaled Mohamed Seddik (Clothing and Knitting Industrial Research Department, Textile Research and Technology Institute, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt)
Lamiaa Khamal El-Gabry (Proteinic and Man-Made Fibres Department, Textile Research and Technology Institute, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt)
Marwa Atif Ali (Spinning and Weaving Engineering Department, Textile Research and Technology Institute, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 1 March 2023

86

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to use hexanediol, pentaerythritol and keratin as crosslinking agents on the acrylic fabric used as garments.

Design/methodology/approach

Plain 1/1 acrylic fabric was produced with 14 and 11 weft yarn/cm using yarn count 28/2 Ne, then it was modified with different agents, and the effect of crosslinking on some of the inherent properties was determined. The color strength as well as washing fastness was evaluated. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy determined the changes that acted in the structure of the treated acrylic fabrics. Several physical and functional utility characteristics were studied such as stiffness, crease recovery, tensile strength and elongation, pilling, air permeability, absorbency and static electricity.

Findings

Polyacrylonitrile is one of the man-made materials used in the textile field; despite novel characteristics, it has some negative properties, especially in absorbency and pilling, which are improved after treatment.

Originality/value

The results presented that the different conditions that were used with cross-linkers enhanced the acrylic fabrics properties. Where analysis of variance test at P-value 0.05 and radar chart area offered that the treated acrylic fabric with 5% (w/v) keratin accomplished the highest preferable properties for end use.

Keywords

Citation

Seddik, K.M., El-Gabry, L.K. and Ali, M.A. (2023), "Improving some functional utility properties of garment using cross-linked acrylic fabrics", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-09-2022-0115

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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