To read this content please select one of the options below:

Experimental investigation of mechanical and comfort properties of banana/cotton blended woven fabrics

Amanpreet Kaur Kharbanda (Department of Fashion Design and Technology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)
Kamal Raj Dasarathan (Department of Textile Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, India)
S.K. Sinha (Department of Textile Technology, Dr B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, India)
T. Senthil Kumar (ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai, India)
B. Senthil Kumar (Department of Rural Industries and Management, The Gandhigram Rural Institute-DU, Dindigul, India)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 12 January 2024

70

Abstract

Purpose

Through this study, four different types of woven fabric structures were created by using cotton/banana blends with a 70:30 ratio by varying the weaving specifications. This study aims to investigate the comfort and mechanical properties of these woven materials.

Design/methodology/approach

Taguchi L16 experimental design (5 factors and 4 levels) with response surface methodology tool was used to optimize mechanical and comfort characteristics. The yarn samples used in this study are cotton/banana with a blend ratio of 70:30. Fabric type (A), grams per square metre (GSM; B), yarn count (C), fabric thickness (D) and cloth cover factor (E) are the chosen process characteristics.

Findings

The highest tensile strength and tearing strength of the cotton/banana blended fabric samples were obtained as 326.3 N and 90.3 k.gf/cm, respectively. Similarly, the highest thermal conductivity and overall moisture management capacity values were found to be 0.6628 and 3.06 W/mK X10−4, respectively. The optimized process parameters for obtaining maximum mechanical properties were using canvas fabric structure, 182 GSM, 36s Ne yarn count, 0.48 mm fabric thickness and 23.5 cloth cover factor. Similarly, the optimized process parameters for obtaining maximum comfort properties were achieved using a twill fabric structure, 182 GSM, 32s Ne yarn count, 0.4 mm fabric thickness and 23 cloth cover factor.

Originality/value

In contrast to synthetic fabrics, banana fibre and its blended materials are significant ecological solutions for apparel and functional clothing. Products made from banana fibre are a sustainable and green alternative to conventional fabrics. Banana fibre obtained from the pseudostem of the plant has an appearance similar to ramie and bamboo fibres. Numerous studies showed that banana fibre could absorb significant moisture and be spun into yarn through ring and rotor spinning technology. On the other hand, this fibre can be easily combined with cotton, jute, wool and synthetic fibre. The present utilization of pseudostem of banana plant fibre is very minimal. This type of research improves the usability of bananas their blended fabrics as apparel and functional wear.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Corrigendum: It has come to the attention of the publisher that the article “Experimental investigation of mechanical and comfort properties of banana/cotton blended woven fabrics” by Amanpreet Kaur Kharbanda, Kamal Raj Dasarathan, S.K. Sinha, T. Senthil Kumar and B. Senthil Kumar, published in Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-08-2023-0085, displays the incorrect affiliation for Kamal Raj Dasarathan. This error was introduced during the submission process. School of Fashion Design, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India and Department of Textile Technology, Jaya Engineering College, Chennai, India has now been changed to Department of Textile Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamilnadu, India. The authors sincerely apologise for this error and for any misunderstanding.

Citation

Kharbanda, A.K., Dasarathan, K.R., Sinha, S.K., Senthil Kumar, T. and Senthil Kumar, B. (2024), "Experimental investigation of mechanical and comfort properties of banana/cotton blended woven fabrics", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-08-2023-0085

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles