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Performance analysis of PCM curtain for thermal comfort

Shubham Srivastava (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior, India)
Abhishek Srivastava (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior, India)
Sanya Jain (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior, India)
Nandan Kumar (High Performance Textile Pvt. Ltd, Panipat, India)
Chandra Shekhar Malvi (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior, India)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 27 September 2021

Issue publication date: 28 November 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyse the variations of thermal comfort inside a building space by using different curtains.

Design/methodology/approach

Phase change materials (PCMs) such as wax, sand and mixture of sand and wax were used with cotton curtain to compare the results of PCM curtains with the performance of normal cotton curtain against constant heat exposure. Heat exposure was provided with halogen to simulate the solar radiation. Further simulation was performed on ANSYS and experimental results were compared with the simulation results. In addition to this, the results were analysed for optimized performance by calculation root mean square error.

Findings

It was found that PCM used curtains that have better performance than normal curtain. Furthermore, sand curtain was proved as the best curtain and mixture of sand and wax curtain could replace the sand curtain where there is limitation of weight; also, there was less error between experimental and simulation was reported for sand curtain as compare to other curtains.

Research limitations/implications

Layers of different PCMs were used before cotton curtain and in modelling assumptions such as one-dimensional heat transfer, uniform thermal conductivity.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there is no such study that was performed earlier.

Keywords

Citation

Srivastava, S., Srivastava, A., Jain, S., Kumar, N. and Malvi, C.S. (2022), "Performance analysis of PCM curtain for thermal comfort", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 439-451. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-05-2021-0066

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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