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The use of textile materials for respiratory protection in times of pandemics: a systematic review and analysis

Ana Aline Mendes Paim (Textile Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil)
Morgana Carneiro de Andrade (ALGORITMI Research Centre/LASI, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal)
Fernanda Steffens (Textile Department, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 2 January 2023




Given the COVID-19 Pandemic outbreak and the role of medical textiles for protection, this study aims to identify the leading research foci on using textile materials for personal protection in pandemic situations.


A systematic review and systemic analysis of the literature on the subject were performed using the process knowledge development – constructivist (ProKnow-C) methodology.


A bibliographic portfolio with 16 relevant studies was obtained. This portfolio represents the main focus of this research field, including the main filtration mechanisms, ways of disinfecting N95 respirators and proposed methods to evaluate the filtration efficiency of different materials with potential for mask development.


To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first time the ProKnow-C methodology was used in the textile field. Thus, future studies can benefit from using the Proknow-C for selecting and analyzing relevant textile studies following a systematic approach.



The authors are very much appreciated by opportunity up given to us by Santa Catarina Federal University and Espirito Santo Federal University to develop this study.


Paim, A.A.M., de Andrade, M.C. and Steffens, F. (2023), "The use of textile materials for respiratory protection in times of pandemics: a systematic review and analysis", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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