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Eco-friendly materials knitting by different yarn ply for high-performance garments

Heba Tolla El Sayed Abo El Naga (Spinning and Weaving Department, Faculty of Applied Arts, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt)
Manar Yahia Ismail Abd El-Aziz (Clothing and Knitting Industrial Research Department, Textile Research and Technology Institute, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 2 June 2023




Synthetic materials have many drawbacks in high-performance garments because they absorb less moisture and cause allergies to sensitive individuals. Cotton materials cannot satisfy all the requirements and cannot provide the required high performance. This study aims to use eco-friendly materials with a common structure to analyse their suitability for high-performance garment application.


This study used two eco-friendly yarns (bamboo, modal and bamboo: modal 50:50) and yarns per needle (two- and four-ply yarns). with a single jersey knit construction and gauge of 7. The physical, mechanical, appearance, comfort, thermal and ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) protection characteristics were evaluated using 15 tests.


The produced knitted fabrics showed high performance for use as garments with physical, mechanical, appearance, comfort, thermal and UPF protection characteristics that were achieved, tested and analysed. The highest-achieved samples with a good UPF (<15) were made from bamboo material, which has other high-performance characteristics such as antibacterial characteristics, a soft surface, thermal insulation and others.

Research limitations/implications

The single jersey structure was used for producing fabrics as it is the common structure in the garment. Also, only gauge 7 was used for its economics and ease of production.



Conflict of interests: None of the writers has disclosed any competing interests, and none of them has any relationships with third parties that could sway the publication of this report.

Funding: Public, private or non-profit funding organizations did not provide any specific grants for this study.


Abo El Naga, H.T.E.S. and Abd El-Aziz, M.Y.I. (2023), "Eco-friendly materials knitting by different yarn ply for high-performance garments", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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