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The effects of yarn and fabric structural parameters on surface friction of plain-woven fabrics

Kura Alemayehu Beyene (Department of Textile Production Research and Innovation Center, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology (EiTEX), Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia)
Soliyana Gebeyaw (Department of Textile Production Research and Innovation Center, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology (EiTEX), Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 19 August 2021

Issue publication date: 28 November 2022

113

Abstract

Purpose

Friction is considered to be one property of cloth that has considerable importance in the fields of both technological and subjective assessment for surface properties of textile fabrics. The purpose of this study is to investigate the affective aspects of yarn and fabric structural parameters on the behavior of surface friction of plain woven fabrics.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, nine varieties of half-bleached cotton plain-woven fabrics with three weft yarn count (tex) and three weft thread density (ppc) are produced and will be examined for their frictional characteristics. The surface frictional properties of plain-woven fabrics were measured by using Kawabata (KES-Fb4) testing instrument. The ANOVA analysis is used to determine how yarn (count) and fabric (density) structural parameters does influence the surface friction properties of the fabrics. Also, the interaction effects between the factors (count and density) on the response variable (surface friction) of plain-woven fabrics.

Findings

The findings of this study revealed that the effects of weft yarn count and pick-density have statistically significant on the frictional behavior of the fabric surface properties at a 95% confidence interval. Thus, weft yarn count has a positive correlation with both coefficient of friction (MIU) and mean deviation of coefficient of friction (MMD) on frictional behavior of the fabric surface properties. On the other hand, pick density has a negative correlation with both MIU and MMD on frictional behavior of the fabric surface properties. The weft count, pick density and their interactions (Count X Density) have multicollinearity in the experiment term because the variance inflation factor values were greater than one.

Originality/value

The findings of this study can be routinely used across the textile industries and laboratories to provide a fundamental understanding regarding the surface frictional properties of the woven fabric for different end applications concerning the yarn structural parameters and fabric structural parameters. And the relationship of count and density with surface friction of plain woven fabrics.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author extremely grateful to my family for their love, prayers, caring and sacrifices in preparing me for my future. I wouldn’t be here today if you weren't MOM (Itukoo). Thank you for always being there as I continue to navigate these early years of my life. I’m everything I’m because you loved me, Aster Sileshi (MOM).

Citation

Beyene, K.A. and Gebeyaw, S. (2022), "The effects of yarn and fabric structural parameters on surface friction of plain-woven fabrics", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 359-370. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-03-2021-0029

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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