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Surface properties of radio frequency plasma treated wool and denim fabrics

Ahmed Hala (The National Centre for Applied Physics, King Abdulaziz City for Science And Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Gozde Yurdabak Karaca (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Esin Eren (Hydrogen Technologies Research and Application Center, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Lutfi Oksuz (Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, and Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA)
Ferhat Bozduman (Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Melek Kiristi (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Ali Ihsan Komur (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Ali Gulec (Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)
Aysegul Uygun Oksuz (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the effects of hydrochloric acid (HCl), hydrazine, methyl methacrylate, styrene and hexamethyldisiloxane by radio-frequency (rf) plasma graftings on surface properties of wool and denim fabrics.

Design/methodology/approach

During plasma treatments, processing time was varied under optimized plasma conditions (50 W, rf: 13.56 MHz). All fabrics were comprehensively investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and contact angle measurements.

Findings

The experimental data shows that the rf-plasma processing has important effect on the wettability properties of wool and denim fabrics. The results indicated that HCl plasma treatment significantly improves the hydrophilicity of wool and denim fabrics.

Originality/value

The research on wool and denim fabric treatment by plasma is original.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Authors gratefully acknowledge the 1509-TUBITAK International Industrial R&D Projects Grant Programme (Project No: 9110021) for financial support to this study.

Citation

Hala, A., Karaca, G.Y., Eren, E., Oksuz, L., Bozduman, F., Kiristi, M., Komur, A.I., Gulec, A. and Oksuz, A.U. (2017), "Surface properties of radio frequency plasma treated wool and denim fabrics", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 101-110. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-02-2016-0003

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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