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Does environmental, social and governance performance affect acquisition premium?

Mouna Zrigui (Higher School of Commerce of Tunis, University of Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia and LARIME LR11ES02, ESSECT, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Imen Khanchel (Higher School of Commerce of Tunis, University of Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia and LARIME LR11ES02, ESSECT, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Naima Lassoued (Higher School of Commerce of Tunis, University of Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia and QUARG UR17ES26, ESCT, Manouba University, Manouba, Tunisia)

Review of International Business and Strategy

ISSN: 2059-6014

Article publication date: 16 May 2024

148

Abstract

Purpose

From a target perspective, this paper aims to examine the impact of environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance on mergers and acquisitions (M&A) transaction valuations.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses a sample of 629 international transactions conducted between 2002 and 2020. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was applied by using ESG aggregate score and the three ESG pillars: environment, social and governance.

Findings

This paper finds that the ESG performance of targets has a negative and significant impact on acquisition premiums. However, this paper finds that targets receive lower premiums by increasing their ESG score, suggesting that targets would do better to focus on ESG to increase shareholder wealth. Thus, results of this paper support the view that ESG-focused firms create shareholder value through the M&A process. Furthermore, results of this paper indicate that environmental and social aspects of ESG drive the acquisition premium. The governance score does not seem to be related to acquisition premiums.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first study to assess whether ESG performance impacts the valuation of M&A transactions by decomposing ESG into its three components.

Keywords

Citation

Zrigui, M., Khanchel, I. and Lassoued, N. (2024), "Does environmental, social and governance performance affect acquisition premium?", Review of International Business and Strategy, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RIBS-07-2023-0076

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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