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Unleashing synergy: exploring the impact of experiential learning and component technology on integration implementation strategy in cross-border technological acquisitions

Nadia Hanif (UE Business School, Division of Management and Administrative Science, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan)

Review of International Business and Strategy

ISSN: 2059-6014

Article publication date: 19 April 2024

Issue publication date: 20 May 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on organizational design theory and organizational learning theory, this paper aims to examine component technology (CT) and the interaction between CT and experiential learning (EL) effects on the degree of integration (DI) of cross-border technological acquisitions.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a sample of 267 firms consisting of 229 acquirer firms who started cross-border technological acquisitions from developed economies and 38 acquirer firms who initiated cross-border technological acquisitions from emerging economies over the period of 1993–2016, this study adopts a value chain framework to measure the acquirers’ acquisition integration degree for the investigation of the effects of CT and the interaction between CT and EL.

Findings

First, this paper finds CT in cross-border technological acquisitions exerting a positive influence on the acquirer firm’s likelihood of the DI implementation, in line with the organizational design theory. Second, in view of organizational learning theory, this study finds EL and the combined effect of CT and EL to have an inverse influence on the DI.

Practical implications

The results imply that the moderating role of EL significantly optimizes decision choices for an acquirer firm for integration implementation strategies in the form of DI, such as full integration (structural integration), partial integration and no integration (structural separation), which appears to be crucial for cross-border technological acquisitions.

Originality/value

This study contributed to international business strategies by shedding light on the importance of the DI for an acquirer firm that undertakes a cross-border technological acquisition with a CT target firm. This study explains why structural integration might be necessary in cross-border technological acquisitions regardless of the costs of disruption it imposes, as well as the contexts in which it becomes less important or unnecessary. The study disclosed that the increase in the likelihood of DI because of CT depends on the EL of the acquisition company in the host country environment and fluctuates with the prior acquisition knowledge and EL of the host country. Combining two cross-border technological acquisition’s literature streams, such as CT and EL, this study enlightens the importance of organizational learning theory and theory of organization design strategic direction making on acquisition integration implementation strategies.

Keywords

Citation

Hanif, N. (2024), "Unleashing synergy: exploring the impact of experiential learning and component technology on integration implementation strategy in cross-border technological acquisitions", Review of International Business and Strategy, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 387-411. https://doi.org/10.1108/RIBS-06-2023-0062

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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