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The effect of high performance work system strength on organizational effectiveness: Opportunities for international joint ventures by foreign firms

Dushar Kamini Dayarathna (Department of Human Resource Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka)
Peter John Dowling (La Trobe Business School, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia)
Timothy Bartram (School of Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)

Review of International Business and Strategy

ISSN: 2059-6014

Article publication date: 16 December 2019

Issue publication date: 23 March 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the implications of high performance work system (HPWS) strength from a managerial perspective and the impact of economic, cultural, political, legal and technological factors on the operationalization of HPWSs in the banking industry in Sri Lanka.

Design/methodology/approach

The data for this study were collected from three licensed commercial banks in Sri Lanka. This research used a case study approach for data collection with archival analysis of records and semi-structured interviews with the CEO, head of HR, two board members and three focus groups (top, middle and lower level managers across various functional areas) in each bank which altogether covers 66 key informants.

Findings

The findings supported the research proposition that to gain positive outcomes on organizational effectiveness, there should be a strong HPWS, resulting in a positive attitudinal climate among employees. Further, the findings provide evidence of the global applicability of HPWSs, although more research is needed to clearly specify the contextual boundaries of HPWS effectiveness.

Originality/value

Contemporary research provides ample evidence to endorse the contribution of high performance work systems toward organizational effectiveness. However, there is a dearth of literature on how high performance work systems are operationalized across the management hierarchy and support the achievement of organizational effectiveness. Few studies have been conducted on high performance work system strength and organizational effectiveness in emerging economies.

Keywords

Citation

Dayarathna, D.K., Dowling, P.J. and Bartram, T. (2020), "The effect of high performance work system strength on organizational effectiveness: Opportunities for international joint ventures by foreign firms", Review of International Business and Strategy, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 77-95. https://doi.org/10.1108/RIBS-06-2019-0085

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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