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A unified calibration method of 3D laser profile measurement with different of laser-line lengths

Xiaojun Wu (School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Bo Liu (School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Peng Li (School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China)
Yunhui Liu (Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)

Robotic Intelligence and Automation

ISSN: 2754-6969

Article publication date: 2 March 2023

Issue publication date: 28 March 2023

140

Abstract

Purpose

Existing calibration methods mainly focus on the camera laser-plane calibration of a single laser-line length, which is not convenient and cannot guarantee the consistency of the results when several three-dimensional (3D) scanners are involved. Thus, this study aims to provide a unified step for different laser-line length calibration requirements for laser profile measurement (LPM) systems.

Design/methodology/approach

3D LPM is the process of converting physical objects into 3D digital models, wherein camera laser-plane calibration is critical for ensuring system precision. However, conventional calibration methods for 3D LPM typically use a calibration target to calibrate the system for a single laser-line length, which needs multiple calibration patterns and makes the procedure complicated. In this paper, a unified calibration method was proposed to automatically calibrate the camera laser-plane parameters for the LPM systems with different laser-line lengths. The authors designed an elaborate planar calibration target with different-sized rings that mounted on a motorized linear platform to calculate the laser-plane parameters of the LPM systems. Then, the camera coordinates of the control points are obtained using the intersection line between the laser line and the planar target. With a new proposed error correction model, the errors caused by hardware assembly can be corrected. To validate the proposed method, three LPM devices with different laser-line lengths are used to verify the proposed system. Experimental results show that the proposed method can calibrate the LPM systems with different laser-line lengths conveniently with standard steps.

Findings

The repeatability and accuracy of the proposed calibration prototypes were evaluated with high-precision workpieces. The experiments have shown that the proposed method is highly adaptive and can automatically calibrate the LPM system with different laser-line lengths with high accuracy.

Research limitations/implications

In the repeatability experiments, there were errors in the measured heights of the test workpieces, and this is because the laser emitter had the best working distance and laser-line length.

Practical implications

By using this proposed method and device, the calibration of the 3D scanning laser device can be done in an automatic way.

Social implications

The calibration efficiency of a laser camera device is increased.

Originality/value

The authors proposed a unified calibration method for LPM systems with different laser-line lengths that consist of a motorized linear joint and a calibration target with elaborately designed ring patterns; the authors realized the automatic parameter calibration.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (52175459, 62073099) and the Shenzhen Science and Technology Program (JCYJ20200109113416531, JSGG20200701095007013).

Citation

Wu, X., Liu, B., Li, P. and Liu, Y. (2023), "A unified calibration method of 3D laser profile measurement with different of laser-line lengths", Robotic Intelligence and Automation, Vol. 43 No. 1, pp. 53-64. https://doi.org/10.1108/RIA-06-2022-0159

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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