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The unspoken facets of buying by individual investors in Indian stock market

Ripsy Bondia (Management Development Institute Gurgaon, Gurugram, India)
Pratap Chandra Biswal (Management Development Institute Gurgaon, Gurugram, India)
Abinash Panda (Management Development Institute Gurgaon, Gurugram, India)

Review of Behavioral Finance

ISSN: 1940-5979

Article publication date: 24 June 2019

Issue publication date: 8 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an in-depth contextualized understanding of individual investors’ buying decision in Indian stock market. Specifically, it provides answers to: how do individual investors make buying decision in stock market; and how and when do biases set in during such decisions. The paper also brings forward some aspects of individual’s journey as an investor.

Design/methodology/approach

Given the exploratory nature of this study, the paper takes a step away from typically used variance approach and instead uses a process approach. The authors do in-depth one-on-one interview, where each respondent shares his/her lived experiences as an investor retrospectively. To understand buying decision, each respondent is asked to elaborate three significant buying transactions carried out by him/ her in stock market.

Findings

Socio-cultural factors are found to have significant influence in inducing respondents to enter market. “Safe” vs “Risky” mental account emerges as the prominent stock categorization done by Indian investors. Three building blocks, namely, Identification, Rationalization and Further Validation emerge as the building blocks that culminate into buying decision of individual investors. The biases are seen to play a dual role in such decisions; as Attention Boosters and Rationales.

Originality/value

This study, to the best of authors’ knowledge, is first of its kind which amalgamates behavioral biases with phenomenon such as attention and Rationalization, to understand “how” behavioral biases set in during buying decision of individual investors.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewer for extremely valuable inputs. The authors also thank the editors for reviewing the authors’ manuscript.

Citation

Bondia, R., Biswal, P.C. and Panda, A. (2019), "The unspoken facets of buying by individual investors in Indian stock market", Review of Behavioral Finance, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 324-351. https://doi.org/10.1108/RBF-12-2017-0121

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited