This paper aims to propose several factors which can explain the negative relationship between financial constraints and investment-cash flow sensitivity.
The author uses traditional fixed effects model and minimum distance panel estimation by Erickson and Whited (2000) to estimate investment-cash flow sensitivity in the cash flow-augmented investment equation. In addition, principal component analysis is used to construct a financial constraints measure.
First, it was found that substitutability between cash holdings and free cash flow can partially explain why financially constrained firms do not depend on cash flow as heavily as we expect. Second, it was confirmed that the level of net external financing can also partially explain the investment-cash flow sensitivity puzzle. Furthermore, it was argued that the influence of cash holdings and external financing on investment-cash flow sensitivity is caused by the low level of internal cash flow for financially constrained firms. This argument is supported by our findings from an examination of investment-cash flow sensitivity for bank-dependent firms during the recession periods.
This paper contributes to the literature by suggesting possible partial explanations for the contradictory relationship between investment-cash flow sensitivity and financial constraints.
The author is grateful to Editor Janis Zaima, anonymous referees, Darius Palia, Abraham Ravid, Ivan Brick, Kose John, Tammy Rogers, and conference participants at 2011 SWFA annual meeting for comments and suggestions. The author would like to thank Whitcomb Center for partial financial support. All errors remain the author's responsibility.
Kim, T. (2014), "The impact of cash holdings and external financing on investment-cash flow sensitivity", Review of Accounting and Finance, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 251-273. https://doi.org/10.1108/RAF-09-2012-0080Download as .RIS
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