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Philosophy and politics in higher education: What are the roles of intellectual academics in Indonesian higher education?

Nurdiana Gaus (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Tamalanrea Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia)

Qualitative Research Journal

ISSN: 1443-9883

Article publication date: 4 June 2019

Issue publication date: 4 June 2019




The purpose of this paper, which is drawn on Indonesian academic women’s experiences, is to examine the extent to which the aesthetics of existence or true life of women academics in relation to the truth telling, played out within the interaction between philosophy and politics, is affected by the application of NPM in research and publication productivities, and the way in which women academics are voicing their opinions toward this issue.


In total, 30 women academics across two geographical region (east and west) universities took part in this research, sharing their perceptions and the way they criticize this policy to the audiences (Indonesian government), framed within the concept of parrhesia (truth telling), parrhesiastes (truth teller) of Foucault and the pariah of Arendt.


Using semi-structured interviews, this research finds that women academics in Indonesian universities have shown discursive voices and stances to the extent to which they agree and oppose this policy, showing the patterns similar to those of parhesiastes and pariah. The implication of this study is addressed in this paper.


This research, via the lenses of Parrhesia and Pariah, finds several kinds of philosopher roles of women academics in Indonesian universities, such as apathetic philosophers or depraved orators and Schlemihl figure of Pariah, and Parrhesiastic philosophers of Socrates and a conscious figure of Pariah.



Gaus, N. (2019), "Philosophy and politics in higher education: What are the roles of intellectual academics in Indonesian higher education?", Qualitative Research Journal, Vol. 19 No. 3, pp. 294-306.



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