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Selecting research approaches and research designs: a reflective essay

Nurdiana Gaus (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Tamalanrea Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia)

Qualitative Research Journal

ISSN: 1443-9883

Article publication date: 2 May 2017




The purpose of this paper is to show the research process which is laid on the interrelated aspects of paradigm-research-based approaches and research designs.


It draws on my PhD research project experience, where I deployed these interrelated aspects informing my methodological perspective to produce quality research via the generation of legitimate research findings.


From this practice, my chosen held paradigm, constructionism, has guided me to proceed with my research process, leading to the selection of a research approach (qualitative case study) and research designs (interviews, observation, and document analysis).


This conduct helps valorise the legitimacy of my research findings to produce legitimate knowledge. This reflective account of the research process can become a lesson for others who wish to go through a legitimate process of selecting the research approaches and research designs, particularly, in social sciences.



Gaus, N. (2017), "Selecting research approaches and research designs: a reflective essay", Qualitative Research Journal, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 99-112.



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