This study examined the attainment and the benefits of financial flexibility in the presence of concentrated ownership in the Caribbean.
This study used qualitative methodology via the use of case studies.
Results revealed that liquidity may be considered the most important form of financial flexibility for firms in transitioning economies, due to constrained capital markets. Blockholder firms also focus on liquidity out of a concern for recovering their substantial investment. This study suggested that in addition to an emphasis on liquidity, blockholder owners emphasise professionalism in managing the firm. This professionalism, accompanied by a genuine separation of ownership and control, may be critical in minimising the possibility of misappropriation of surplus liquidity. The study showed that blockholder owned firms may not recognise maximum capital investment benefits because of the use of sub-optimal capital budgeting techniques reflecting their liquidity preference, or pay maximum dividends, opting instead to use dividends as a governance tool. However, the ability to separate ownership from the management of the operations may counteract this, leading to an increased focus on net present value (NPV) maximising projects, and a dividend policy aimed at preserving future financial flexibility.
This study highlights the value of qualitative studies in finance research, by providing a deeper insight into the management of firm financial flexibility, under blockholder ownership. It emphasises the importance of considering liquidity as a critical form of financial flexibility. Furthermore, the study shows that two significant factors in controlling principal–principal (PP) conflict may be the ability to separate ownership from control and the appointment of a professional management team.
This research introduces the variable of PP agency in the study of financial flexibility.
Estwick, S. (2016), "The impact of principal-principal conflict on financial flexibility: A Case of Caribbean Firms", Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, Vol. 8 No. 4, pp. 305-330. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRFM-12-2015-0043Download as .RIS
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