The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship of self-determination with degree of dependence in daily activities among community-dwelling persons aged 80 years and older.
This cross-sectional study focused on community-dwelling people 80 years or older with varied degree of dependence in daily activities. Self-determination in daily life was assessed with the statements from the Impact on Participation and Autonomy-Older persons (IPA-O), and degree of dependence in daily activities was assessed with the activities of daily living (ADL) staircase. Data were analysed using Fisher’s exact test, and the relative risk with a 95 per cent confidence interval was used to explore the risk of perceiving reduced self-determination in daily life.
Compared to the independent persons, the perceived self-determination was significantly lower among persons dependent in instrumental activities of daily living (I-ADL), and persons dependent in personal activities of daily living (P-ADL). Reduced self-determination was most pronounced in persons requiring help with P-ADL.
Following key features could be applied to strengthen the community-dwelling older people’s self-determination; incorporating a dialogue where self-determined questions are raised; adopting a person-centred approach between the persons involved; acknowledging older people’s capabilities – what they are able to do and to be, and what they value.
This study highlights the need of integrating a self-determined dialogue into healthcare where the older person and the professional focus on self-determined questions.
Ottenvall Hammar, I., Dahlin-Ivanoff, S., Wilhelmson, K. and Eklund, K. (2015), "People dependent of support in daily activities perceives reduced self-determination – a cross-sectional study with community-dwelling older people", Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 208-221. https://doi.org/10.1108/QAOA-02-2015-0007Download as .RIS
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