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Stakeholder perceptions of secondary education quality in Sokoto State, Nigeria

Yaro Ibrahim (Faculty of Management Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria)
Rozita Arshad (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Dani Salleh (Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)

Quality Assurance in Education

ISSN: 0968-4883

Article publication date: 3 April 2017




This study aims to obtain stakeholder perceptions of secondary education quality in Sokoto State, Nigeria.


A qualitative research approach was used by conducting interviews. Data were purposively collected from a sample of 15 education stakeholders in Sokoto State, and analyzed to extract major themes using the NVivo software program.


The results of the interviews suggested that high-quality education is defined by the following seven dimensions that fell under a systems-based framework: the provision of adequate instructional materials, the provision of educational infrastructure, imparting the “right” knowledge, meeting education “yardsticks”, provision of teacher support and welfare, creating a conducive learning atmosphere and availability of high-quality teachers.

Research limitations/implications

The research is confined to the Sokoto State only. Although the findings may be applicable to other states of the Nigerian federation, the qualitative research design limits generalization beyond the present data. The research has methodological limitations in that only a qualitative approach was used in obtaining and analyzing the data.

Practical implications

This study presents dimensions of, and a definition of, secondary education quality, as perceived by education stakeholders in Sokoto State, Nigeria. This systems-based definition could be useful to the government in re-designing its educational plans and ensuring quality in secondary education programs. Once fully applied in the educational system, issues of low-quality education and graduation of unprepared students can be addressed more systematically. The goal of admitting more competent school leavers into tertiary institutions could also be pursued actively. Other social challenges, such as juvenile delinquency, can likewise be addressed. The study draws attention of those responsible for education provision in Nigeria to look inward to focus on those dimensions that need prompt and urgent improvements so that education quality can be ensured for a better society.


This study provides a systems-based framework of educational quality to guide school improvement efforts in Nigerian secondary schools that reflect values of regional stakeholders. This study demonstrates an easy-to-apply method for deriving educational quality indicators with stakeholder involvement. The dimensions obtained are supported by theory and the literature discussed.



Ibrahim, Y., Arshad, R. and Salleh, D. (2017), "Stakeholder perceptions of secondary education quality in Sokoto State, Nigeria", Quality Assurance in Education, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 248-267.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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