Multifunctional outdoor fabrics with ATO and TiO2 embedded PU coatings
Article publication date: 18 June 2019
Issue publication date: 5 July 2019
The purpose of this paper is to invent a new functional coated fabric based on nanomaterials to shield UV and IR. Multifunctional surface coatings with ultraviolet (UV)/near infrared radiations protection and waterproof were widely applied in outdoor fabrics. Herein, ultrafine TiO2 and nano-antimony doped tin dioxide (ATO) were prepared and embedded into water-based polyurethane (PU) coatings and then coated on the nylon fabric.
ATO was prepared using the sol–gel method and the two powders were dispersed by ball milling. The results of zeta potential and particle size distribution showed that the ultrafine TiO2 and nano-ATO could be stably dispersed in water at pH 8 with the presence of sodium polycarboxylate. The optimal process was screened out by orthogonal design and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV protection, thermal insulation and water-pressure resistance were tested. SEM images indicated the nanoparticles could be uniformly dispersed in the coatings.
The effect of UV prevention can get to UPF > 50, UVA < 5 per cent, which meet up with the AATCC 183-2014. Coatings can effectively lower the temperature of fabric surface by 8∼9ºC through the self-made closed test system and by 3ºC through the open test system.
These PU coatings are environment-friendly and adhesive to impart waterproof, UV-proof and thermal insulation properties to nylon fabrics by coating finishing.
This study was fund by Funding of Hebei Education Department（Grant No.QN2018038）and excellent Youth Talents Plan of Hebei Province. The authors wish to thank the academic team of Textile Cleaner Production and Functional Advanced Processing Technology” for the support during this research.
Zhang, W., Yao, J. and Wang, S. (2019), "Multifunctional outdoor fabrics with ATO and TiO2 embedded PU coatings", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 48 No. 4, pp. 348-356. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-08-2018-0087
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