The mechanisms of the deblocking reaction of the polyurethane with blocking agent were investigated in detail relatively using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This kind of method for polyurethane as the application of wood adhesives can provide the conditions of application and the main theoretical basis.
The blocking rate and latex particle size distribution were determined using the titrimetric analysis and the laser particle analysis, respectively. TGA, FTIR, XPS and differential scanning calorimetry were used to investigate the deblocking temperature and time of the blocked isocyanate in detail.
The results indicated that the blocking rate was approximately 97 per cent and the average particle size was 360 nm. The results of laser particle analysis have confirmed that the dispersivity of the blocked polyurethane emulsion was good. XPS results showed that the amount of –O = C-N-benzyl groups increased with an increasing deblocking temperature and subsequently reached equilibrium. In summary, the blocked isocyanate was deblocked at temperatures ranging from 50 to 90°C.
An important approach in future wood adhesive work would be to gain access to man-made board application data.
The paper provided some useful information about deblocking mechanisms of blocked polyurethane that would be helpful to guide applied practical applications as wood adhesive.
To promote China’s wood processing technology progress and solve the problem of shortage of the natural quality of wood is of important practical significance.
The paper is the first to use the XPS characterisation method to characterise deblocking polyurethane solution.
The present work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds from the Central Universities (DL12EB06-04) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31200442). Special thanks are given to outstanding doctoral dissertation to foster support.
Zhang, Y., Cao, J., Tan, H. and Gu, J. (2014), "New thermal deblocking characterisation method of aqueous blocked polyurethane", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 43 No. 4, pp. 194-200. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-08-2013-0074Download as .RIS
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