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Investigation of novel tri-functional epoxy resin derived from cardanol as partial replacement of BPA based epoxy in zinc rich primer

Mukesh Kathalewar (Department of Polymer and Surface Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India)
Anagha Sabnis (Department of Polymer and Surface Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India)
Gulzar Waghoo (Department of Polymer and Surface Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 3 November 2014

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of triglycidyl resin (TGC) prepared from cardanol as partial replacement of conventional bis-phenol A (BPA) based epoxy resin for zinc rich primers (ZRPs).

Design/methodology/approach

The synthesis of new platform chemicals that are based on renewable resources has been accepted as a strategy to contribute to sustainable development due to the anticipated depletion of fossil oil reserves and rising oil prices. We prepared a tri-functional epoxy resin from cardanol which can be used as partial replacement of BPA based epoxy. The ZRPs were prepared using 50:50 ratio of TGC:BPA epoxy, and the coatings were evaluated for mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties.

Findings

The 50 per cent replacement of BPA based epoxy by TGC resulted in at par mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties as evaluated by various methods. The successful implementation can thus contribute to sustainable development by “green chemistry” route.

Research limitations/implications

The prepared TGC resin in the current work was studied for application in ZRPs. This can also be explored for high performance coatings, adhesives and other engineering applications.

Practical implications

The TGC binder was prepared by simple two-step reaction. This can successfully be used as binder for coating application without any modifications.

Originality/value

A novel approach of using green and ecofriendly TGC resin as replacement of high cost BPA based epoxy was explored and can be implemented for numerous applications.

Keywords

Citation

Kathalewar, M., Sabnis, A. and Waghoo, G. (2014), "Investigation of novel tri-functional epoxy resin derived from cardanol as partial replacement of BPA based epoxy in zinc rich primer", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 43 No. 6, pp. 379-388. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-08-2013-0072

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited