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Dispersive interactions in the adsorption and corrosion inhibition effects of Alstonia boonei on mild steel in acidic environments

Anthony Ikechukwu Obike (Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria)
Wilfred Emori (School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong, China)
Hitler Louis (Computational and Bio-Simulation Research Group, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria)
Godwin Ifeanyi Ogbuehi (Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria)
Paul Chukwuleke Okonkwo (Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman)
Victoria Mfon Bassey (Computational and Bio-Simulation Research Group, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 19 November 2021

Issue publication date: 3 January 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the adsorption properties of a proven traditional medicine of West Africa origin, Alstonia boonei with an attempt to evaluate its application in the corrosion protection of mild steel in 5 M H2SO4 and 5 M HCl.

Design/methodology/approach

Phytochemical screening and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis were used to characterize the methanolic extract of the plant. Gravimetry, gasometry and electrochemical techniques were used in the corrosion inhibition studies of the extract and computational studies were used to describe the electronic and adsorption properties of eugenol, the most abundant phytochemical in Alstonia boonei.

Findings

The extract acted as a mixed-type inhibitor in both acidic solutions, with improved inhibition efficiency achieved with increasing concentration. While the efficiency increased with temperature for the HCl system, it decreased for the H2SO4 system. The mechanism of adsorption proposed for Alstonia boonei was chemisorption in the HCl system and physisorption in the H2SO4 system, and the adsorptions obeyed Langmuir isotherm at low temperatures. Computational parameters showed that eugenol, being a representative of Alstonia boonei, possesses excellent adsorption properties and has the potential to compete with other established plant-based corrosion inhibitors.

Research limitations/implications

As opposed to pure compounds with distinctive corrosion effects, plant extracts are generally composed of a myriad of phytoconstituents that competitively promote or inhibit the corrosion process and their net effect is evident as inhibition efficiencies. This is, therefore, the main research limitation associated with the corrosion inhibition study of Alstonia boonei.

Originality/value

Being very rich in antioxidant properties by its proven curative and preventive effects for diseases, the interest was stimulated towards the attractive results that abound from its corrosion protection of metals via its anti-oxidation route.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was fully funded by Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND), Nigeria.

Conflict of interest statement: On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Citation

Obike, A.I., Emori, W., Louis, H., Ogbuehi, G.I., Okonkwo, P.C. and Bassey, V.M. (2023), "Dispersive interactions in the adsorption and corrosion inhibition effects of Alstonia boonei on mild steel in acidic environments", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 52 No. 1, pp. 33-48. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-07-2021-0080

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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