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Coatings containing molybdenum trisulphide QDs to protect oil paintings against different environmental factors

Eslam Taha (Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt)
Mostafa Attia Mohie (Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt)
Mahmoud Sayed Korany (Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Luxor University, Luxor, Egypt)
Naglaa Aly (Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt)
Alaa Ropy (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt)
Mosaad Negem (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 2 January 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate profoundly the protection of oil painting from deterioration using molybdenum trisulphide quantum dots (MoS3 QDs) against microbe, dirt accumulation and ultraviolet (UV) degradation.

Design/methodology/approach

The protection of painting against different deterioration factors necessitates the sustainable methods and advanced techniques. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy have been used to investigate the morphological structure of the painting and MoS3 QDs, respectively, and optical microscopy was used to examine antibacterial activity of MoS3 QDs towards different types of bacteria. To investigate the protection of painting against deterioration, the Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigate the paintings left in open air for a year. Chemical composition and crystal structure of MoS3 QDs have been studied using X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, respectively.

Findings

The addition of MoS3 nanoparticles into painted coatings enhances the durability of linseed oil-based paintings toward UV ageing regarding the change in colour which confirmed by FTIR analysis. The protection of oil painting opposed to various deterioration factors was developed by involving of MoS3 QDs in the coating of the painting. Antibacterial effect of MoS3 QDs was tested against different types of bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa confirming that the MoS3 QDs involved in the coatings of oil paintings produces a high protection layer for the paintings against several microbial attacks. In addition, coatings containing MoS3 QDs reduce the accumulation of dirt on oil paintings when subjected to open air for a year.

Originality/value

The novel MoS3 QDs was used to form a protective and transparent coating layer for the oil painting to overcome the deterioration, displays the promising protection and can be applied for different oil paintings.

Keywords

Citation

Taha, E., Mohie, M.A., Korany, M.S., Aly, N., Ropy, A. and Negem, M. (2023), "Coatings containing molybdenum trisulphide QDs to protect oil paintings against different environmental factors", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-03-2022-0028

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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