The purpose of this paper is to study the patterns of formation of anti-corrosion properties, the development of compositions for pigments by using the method of co-precipitation and subsequent heat treatment.
To obtain co-precipitated hydroxides, aqueous solutions of salts were used. The conditions of synthesis varied according to the following parameters: the nature of the starting salts of metals; and the ratio of metal cations. The anticorrosive activity of the pigments was evaluated by the potentiodynamic method, by comparing the anodic and cathodic polarization curves, and calculated potentials and corrosion currents on the basis of regions of Tafel on curves. Polarization curves were obtained by using Potentiostat/Galvanostat/ZRA Gamry, which connected to the PC, and by using the program Gamry Framework. The measurement results were processed by using the method of simplex-lattice planning. X-ray diffractograms of pigments were recorded on a DRON – 2.0 diffractometer (monochromatic copper radiation with a nickel filter).
The paper deals with the results of research the dependence of colour characteristics and anticorrosion properties of synthesized compositions on their nature and composition. The presence of aluminium cations leads to the formation of solid solutions of ferrum and aluminium oxyhydroxides.
The main technological properties of pigments are determined by the anionic and cationic composition. Colour characteristics are determined by the cation-chromophore. The anti-corrosive properties of non-calcined pigments are determined to a greater extent by the presence of the formed hydroxyl ions and the composition of the compounds. The greatest protective effect is observed when using double compounds of metals, the dissociation constants of which differ significantly. The protective effect is mainly determined by the slowdown of the anode process. Anions containing aluminium atoms accelerate the corrosion processes.
Frolova, L. and Butyrina, T. (2021), "Investigation of color and anticorrosive properties of pigments in the Fe-Al-Mg-O-H system by the simplex lattice method", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 50 No. 4, pp. 331-337. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-03-2020-0024
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