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Thermal and UV degradation of roselle anthocyanin extract and its mixtures with poly(vinyl alcohol) in different acid

S.V. Lee (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
A.N. Hadi (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Z.H.Z. Zainal Abidin (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
N.A. Mazni (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
N.A. Halim (Centre of Defence Foundation Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
R. Usop (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
H.C. Hassan (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
S.R. Majid (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
A.K. Arof (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 2 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to observe the colour and thermal stability of natural red dye consisting of anthocyanin with addition of different aqueous acids and applied as coating films.

Design/methodology/approach

The natural red dye was extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (roselle) flowers and mixed with 1 per cent hydrochloric acid, 5 per cent acetic acid, 5 per cent citric acid and 5 per cent oxalic acid. All the dye samples were exposed to heat and UV-B to observe the colour stability by calculating the half-life and rate of reaction. In coating film application, each of the dye samples was mixed with 25 wt% of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and applied on to a glass substrate. The coating samples’ colour stability was observed by using CIE L*a*b* colour space coordinates. The coating films’ weight loss stability against temperature was observed by using thermogravimetric analysis.

Findings

Addition of hydrochloric acid enhances the thermal and UV stability of the anthocyanin natural dye. This can be observed from the calculation of the half-life of the dye. The half-life values for the thermal and UV stability studies were 1,155 hours and 210 hours, respectively. In coating films, the sample with addition of acetic acid showed the highest colour stability with colour difference (ΔE*) value 8.95.

Research limitations/implications

The coating films developed in this work are not suitable to be applied on metal substrates due to the presence of water, which can contribute to the corrosion formation.

Practical implications

The coating films developed in this work are suitable for washable coating application. In other words, they are non-permanent coatings applied on a glass substrate.

Originality/value

Development of water-based coatings from PVA binder with anthocyanin colourant is introduced in this study.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the University of Malaya for research grants (RG249-12AFR) and (RP001D-13AFR) provided.

Citation

Lee, S.V., Hadi, A.N., Zainal Abidin, Z.H.Z., Mazni, N.A., Halim, N.A., Usop, R., Hassan, H.C., Majid, S.R. and Arof, A.K. (2015), "Thermal and UV degradation of roselle anthocyanin extract and its mixtures with poly(vinyl alcohol) in different acid", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 44 No. 2, pp. 109-115. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-03-2014-0025

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited