The purpose of this paper is to observe the colour and thermal stability of natural red dye consisting of anthocyanin with addition of different aqueous acids and applied as coating films.
The natural red dye was extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (roselle) flowers and mixed with 1 per cent hydrochloric acid, 5 per cent acetic acid, 5 per cent citric acid and 5 per cent oxalic acid. All the dye samples were exposed to heat and UV-B to observe the colour stability by calculating the half-life and rate of reaction. In coating film application, each of the dye samples was mixed with 25 wt% of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and applied on to a glass substrate. The coating samples’ colour stability was observed by using CIE L*a*b* colour space coordinates. The coating films’ weight loss stability against temperature was observed by using thermogravimetric analysis.
Addition of hydrochloric acid enhances the thermal and UV stability of the anthocyanin natural dye. This can be observed from the calculation of the half-life of the dye. The half-life values for the thermal and UV stability studies were 1,155 hours and 210 hours, respectively. In coating films, the sample with addition of acetic acid showed the highest colour stability with colour difference (ΔE*) value 8.95.
The coating films developed in this work are not suitable to be applied on metal substrates due to the presence of water, which can contribute to the corrosion formation.
The coating films developed in this work are suitable for washable coating application. In other words, they are non-permanent coatings applied on a glass substrate.
Development of water-based coatings from PVA binder with anthocyanin colourant is introduced in this study.
The authors would like to express their gratitude to the University of Malaya for research grants (RG249-12AFR) and (RP001D-13AFR) provided.
Lee, S.V., Hadi, A.N., Zainal Abidin, Z.H.Z., Mazni, N.A., Halim, N.A., Usop, R., Hassan, H.C., Majid, S.R. and Arof, A.K. (2015), "Thermal and UV degradation of roselle anthocyanin extract and its mixtures with poly(vinyl alcohol) in different acid", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 44 No. 2, pp. 109-115. https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-03-2014-0025
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