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A configurational perspective on subsidiary top management team national diversity and performance

Sven Dahms (Department of Strategic Management, Asian Institute of Management, Makati, The Philippines)
Suthikorn Kingkaew (Thammasat University Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy, Bangkok, Thailand)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 6 August 2019

Issue publication date: 23 August 2019




The purpose of this paper is to investigate what role national top management team diversity (TMTD) plays in foreign-owned subsidiary performance. The authors develop a conceptual framework based on the asset bundling model and the neo-configurational perspective to argue that the impact of TMTD on subsidiary performance depends on its conjunction with other assets.


The authors test our framework on a sample of subsidiaries located in the emerging economies of Thailand and Taiwan. The authors utilise structural equation modelling and fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis techniques.


The results indicate that TMTD can contribute and hurt subsidiary performance depending on its bundling with other assets such as organisational network strength, competencies, as well as regional and cultural differences between the home and host country.


This is one of the first studies to empirically test the asset bundling model in the context of national TMTD in foreign-owned subsidiaries using a configurational approach.



Dahms, S. and Kingkaew, S. (2019), "A configurational perspective on subsidiary top management team national diversity and performance", Personnel Review, Vol. 48 No. 6, pp. 1507-1529.



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