The purpose of this paper is to explore the black box between high-performance work systems (HPWS) and innovation performance in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Through application of the ability, motivation and opportunity (AMO) framework, the study examines the mediating roles of innovation-specific ability, motivation and voice behaviors between HPWS and SMEs’ innovation performance.
The hypotheses are tested on data collected through a self-administered questionnaire from 237 SMEs in Pakistan.
Findings indicate that human capital, motivation and employee voice fully mediate the relationship between HPWS and innovation performance in SMEs.
The cross-sectional research design and self-reported measures warrant caution for the interpretation of findings. Future research may consider a longitudinal research design and objective measures.
SMEs need to invest in the adoption and implementation of HPWS that will develop innovation-specific abilities, motivation and voice behaviors simultaneously among employees that will lead to higher innovation performance.
This is the first study of its kind utilizing an AMO framework to investigate the underlying mechanism through which HPWS affect innovation performance in SMEs.
Shahzad, K., Arenius, P., Muller, A., Rasheed, M.A. and Bajwa, S.U. (2019), "Unpacking the relationship between high-performance work systems and innovation performance in SMEs", Personnel Review, Vol. 48 No. 4, pp. 977-1000. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-10-2016-0271
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