To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Leading others to go beyond the call of duty: A dyadic study of servant leadership and psychological ethical climate

Sen Sendjaya (Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia)
Nathan Eva (Business School, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia)
Mulyadi Robin (Alphacrucis College, Scoresby, Australia)
Lyfie Sugianto (Business School, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia)
Ivan ButarButar (Sampoerna University, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Charmine Hartel (University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 13 November 2019

Issue publication date: 6 February 2020

Abstract

Purpose

Interest in servant leadership has grown exponentially over the past decade as evident in the surge of academic- and practitioner-oriented publications on the subject. While prior research has shown that servant leadership leads to citizenship behavior, no study has explored the ethical pathway as the underlying influence process despite the fact that servant leadership is an ethical approach to leadership. On the basis of social learning theory, the purpose of this paper is to examine psychological ethical climate as a key mediator between servant leadership and citizenship behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey data were collected from 123 leader–follower dyads from eight high-performing firms listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange, and analyzed using multiple regression analysis.

Findings

The results showed that the relationship between servant leadership and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) (both for OCBI and OCBO) is mediated by psychological ethical climate.

Practical implications

This study demonstrates the value of using a servant leadership approach in order to foster a psychological ethical climate and increase OCBs. As such, the authors highlight the importance of a systematic approach to develop servant leaders in organizations.

Originality/value

This research contributes to the understanding of the ethical mechanism that explains the relationship between servant leadership and follower outcomes. Drawing on social learning theory, the findings show that servant leaders are ethical climate architects through their role modeling behaviors and interactions with followers.

Keywords

Citation

Sendjaya, S., Eva, N., Robin, M., Sugianto, L., ButarButar, I. and Hartel, C. (2020), "Leading others to go beyond the call of duty: A dyadic study of servant leadership and psychological ethical climate", Personnel Review, Vol. 49 No. 2, pp. 620-635. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-08-2018-0285

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited