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Exploring layers of context-related work-from-home demands during COVID-19

Laxmikant Manroop (College of Business, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA)
Daniela Petrovski (York University–Keele Campus, Toronto, Canada)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 18 January 2022




This article identifies the contextual demands impacting the work from home (WFH) experience during the COVID-19 pandemic and considers their respective impact on employees' personal and work-related outcomes.


Drawing on a qualitative methodology, the authors thematically analyzed written narratives from 41 employees who had been required to work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Data analysis identified four layers of contextual demands (omnibus, task, social and personal) that had resulted in participants being required to work from home. Drawing on this finding, the authors develop a conceptual process model to extend current theory and explain how the respective demands impact individual affective reactions and work-related experiences, health and wellbeing. The authors’ findings offer new insights into contexts where WFH becomes mandatory, indicating that it is characterized by a range of challenges and opportunities.

Practical implications

This paper signals the need to provide employees with a realistic preview of working from home demands, including interventions to better prepare them to navigate the daily stressors of working from home; and provision of virtual employee assistance programs in the form of online counseling.


This paper explores a unique phenomenon – the mandatory requirement to work from home during the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on employees' personal and work-related experiences and outcomes.



The authors would like to thank the Guest Editor, Dr. Steve McKenna, and the two anonymous reviewers for their detailed and constructive comments.


Manroop, L. and Petrovski, D. (2022), "Exploring layers of context-related work-from-home demands during COVID-19", Personnel Review, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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