The occurrence of demotions regarding job level, salary and job authority

Tanja Verheyen (Department of Business, Technology and Operations, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium)
Nick Deschacht (Faculty of Economics and Business, KU Leuven, Brussels, Belgium)
Marie-Anne Guerry (Department of Business, Technology and Operations, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Publication date: 5 September 2016

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the occurrence of job level, salary and job authority demotions in the workplace through the analysis of Belgian Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC)-data of 2007-2011.

Design/methodology/approach

Three hypotheses are tested: H1: there is a gender inequality in job authority demotions. H2: the level of education and the probability of being subject to a job level, salary or job authority demotion are negatively correlated. H3: age is negatively correlated with job level, salary or job authority demotion probabilities. The cross-sectional data of the SILC cover a specific time period with data on inter alia living conditions. The longitudinal data give information on inter alia income and non-monetary variables over a period of four years. The authors estimate multivariate regression models for binary demotion variables. These analyses allow the authors to estimate the odds of being demoted. The authors discuss the demotion rates, the bivariate correlations and the regression analysis.

Findings

The data analysis result in the fact that base salary demotions are not commonly applied as literature and the Belgian law on salary protection endorses. Fringe benefits demotions, as for instance the abolition of a company car or a bonus are, however, more frequent. There is a gender gap with regard to job authority demotion. Highly educated respondents are less confronted with job authority demotions. Age is negatively correlated with base salary/fringe benefits or job authority demotion probabilities, but not with job-level demotions. H1 is thus confirmed. H2 and H3 only partly confirmed.

Research limitations/implications

Several analyses were restricted because the EU-SILC did not question all dimensions of demotion in detail.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the scarce literature on demotion and to empirical studies on demotions regarding job level, salary and job authority.

Keywords

Citation

Tanja Verheyen, Nick Deschacht and Marie-Anne Guerry (2016) "The occurrence of demotions regarding job level, salary and job authority", Personnel Review, Vol. 45 No. 6, pp. 1217-1239

Download as .RIS

DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-06-2014-0139

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.