Employee loyalty is generally a very positive trait. However, when loyal employees are confronted with dysfunctionality in the workplace the impact on their well-being can be significant. The purpose of this paper is to assess the interaction of employee loyalty and employee experience of inter-professional dysfunction in a hospital setting to predict employee job tension.
The paper is based on the analysis of a cross-sectional attitudinal survey of employees within a hospital setting in Australia. The authors use OLS regression and an SPSS macro (by Hayes, 2013) to assess the regions of significance of the interaction effects.
The authors find, as anticipated, significant direct effects for employee loyalty and inter-professional dysfunction on employee job stress. The authors further find significant interaction effects that suggest that highly loyal employees who experience inter-professional dysfunction also experience disproportionately high levels of job tension.
The main research implication of this research relates to the confirmation of the presence of an interaction effect between loyalty and inter-professional dysfunction in predicting employee job stress. Further, the zone of significance analysis (following Johnson and Neyman) suggests that this effect is evident at even low levels of inter-professional dysfunction.
Organisations should appreciate employee loyalty but should also be aware that loyal employees are more vulnerable to the negative consequences of organisational dysfunction than are employees with limited organisational loyalty.
The paper confirms the importance of managing organisational cooperation between groups in organisations as a precursor to positive employee outcomes.
This is the first paper to investigate this interaction and to apply Johnson-Neyman analysis to confirm the regions of significance for the interaction effects noted.
Conflict of Interest: Authors A, B, C and D declare that they have no conflict of interest. Author E has received research funding from the Gold Coast Health District, the site of the survey used in this study. Ethical Approval: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Gold Coast Health District and Griffith University and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed Consent: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.
Rice, B., Knox, K., Rice, J., Martin, N., Fieger, P. and Fitzgerald, A. (2017), "Loyal employees in difficult settings: The compounding effects of inter-professional dysfunction and employee loyalty on job tension", Personnel Review, Vol. 46 No. 8, pp. 1755-1769. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-05-2016-0124Download as .RIS
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