This paper aims to provide a chronological review of changes in the institutional setting regulating Australian initial public offering (IPO) firms’ earnings forecasts over the period from 1994 to 2012. The changing forecasting environment covers both IPO firms’ prospectus earnings forecasts and post-listing updates to those forecasts.
This historical analysis reviews the changes in corporate regulation and enforcement, Australian Securities Exchange listing requirements and the outcomes of securities class actions (SCA) that affect IPO firms’ earnings forecasts.
A review of the institutional setting regulating Australian IPO firms’ earnings forecasts reveals two inter-temporal shifts in (increasing) litigation risk over 1994-2012 period which have arisen from more onerous regulations, stronger regulatory enforcement and a more active SCA market. The authors document the corporate responses to those shifts.
This is the first study to comprehensively document research of an inter-temporal litigation risk shift on IPO firms’ earnings forecasting behaviour. It therefore provides a formative base and a useful resource for researchers, practitioners and investigators (regulators, forensic accountants, etc.) when examining the impact of the changes on IPO firms’ forecasting behaviour following regulatory change and enforcement.
The authors thank the participants at the 4th Forensic Accounting Teaching and Research Symposium, Gold Coast (2016), Dr Adrian Gepp and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.
Artiach, T., Gallery, G. and Pick, K. (2018), "A chronological review of the Australian litigation risk environment surrounding IPO earnings forecasts", Pacific Accounting Review, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 168-186. https://doi.org/10.1108/PAR-11-2016-0105Download as .RIS
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