Thursday, January 8, 2015
Between 2000 and 2010, Latin American and Caribbean migration declined to destinations outside the region
- Violence is likely to remain a persistent driver of migration, together with poverty and food insecurity.
- Concerted US and Mexican action on combating organised crime will remain key to managing migration in Central America.
- In the Caribbean, Haiti's deterioration after the 2010 earthquake will continue to trigger undocumented migration to the Dominican Republic.
- Post-2010, economic growth in South America is creating opportunities for labour migration from neighbouring countries and even from Spain.
Intensification of migration within Latin America has two chief causes: some countries in the region have achieved success in reducing extreme poverty, while the recession has turned the United States and Europe into less attractive destinations. As the region's mixed economic performance boosts human development in some countries, this trend is likely to continue.
Closer multilateral cooperation and updating of national legislations is necessary to maximise the economic benefits of increased intra-regional migration. However, progress is likely to be uneven in both areas.
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