Government institutions located in the capital, Khartoum, where major fighting persists, have been severely disrupted. Some have tried to relocate and re-establish themselves in Port Sudan and other towns in eastern and northern Sudan, while state and local authorities seek to operate without much national support.
- As long as the conflict continues, the reach of national government will remain extremely limited.
- State, local and tribal authorities will try to ride out conflicting political pressures for allegiance.
- The formal economy will contract further, even if levels of conflict stabilise.