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Brunei faces growing economic headwinds

Friday, December 30, 2022


Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, one of the world’s few remaining absolute monarchs, faces a tough challenge to turn around the pandemic-hit economy. Brunei is struggling to make up for declining oil and gas production, long its main source of revenue.


  • Moves to expand the petrochemical sector will progress slowly.
  • Brunei, a rival claimant to China in the South China Sea, will not pressure Beijing over Chinese assertiveness in those waters.
  • Substantial changes are unlikely in any aspect of policy.

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