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Insecurity will limit Sahel-coastal West Africa trade

Monday, December 12, 2022


Most Sahelian states -- Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Chad -- are landlocked. This geographical reality imposes costs and constrains some economic possibilities. Yet the relationship with coastal West Africa is also complementary, a crucial driver of the patterns of food and labour supply.


  • Coastal countries will compete to position themselves as trade gateways for West Africa and the Sahel.
  • Spreading militant and criminal violence could become a threat to key trade axes.
  • Mali’s economic cooperation with ECOWAS is undermined by mistrust and antagonism between its junta and most West African leaders.

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