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Economic goals drive Indian-Israeli-Emirati-US ‘quad’

Thursday, October 28, 2021


The grouping has been widely described as a new ‘quad’. This label is inspired by the Quad, a long-standing group comprising India, the United States, Australia and Japan.


  • The United States will increasingly encourage Saudi Arabia to pursue normalisation of relations with Israel.
  • China, Pakistan, Iran and Turkey will step up economic and defence collaboration with each other.
  • Delhi-Ankara relations will become more strained.
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