Friday, September 17, 2021
There are large regional variations in access to electricity, ranging from less than 10% electrification in Chad to a high of 70% in Senegal. Most countries are heavily reliant on thermal and hydro power; solar energy would allow them to utilise the region's many months of sun to increase their electricity output with minimal environmental impact.
- Despite the region’s dry climate and highly seasonal concentration of rainfall, hydropower will play an expanding role.
- Gas will provide a less carbon-intensive generating option for Mauritania and Senegal, but is less available to other Sahel countries.
- Local solar and wind installations could be key in supplying the numerous scattered rural communities and towns.