Their persistence has long undermined the country’s stability, exemplified most recently by the death in April of President Idriss Deby during a rebel offensive. It has also affected stability among neighbouring and regional countries such as Sudan, the Central African Republic, Libya, Niger and Mali.
- Long-standing patterns of armed group growth, operation and decline will persist in Chad and more widely in the region.
- Chad is vulnerable to more political turbulence based upon domestic factors.
- Improvements in local development and governance will remain slow.