The aspiration is to offer a high-standard, sustainable alternative to the BRI. However, B3W currently lacks details or financial commitments. It is not clear whether it involves new aid funding or will draw on existing resources.
- Western-sponsored infrastructure activities have experienced delays and the B3W may struggle to be seen as a viable alternative to the BRI.
- The B3W focuses on climate, health, tech and gender while the BRI focuses on physical infrastructure so they could complement each other.
- The B3W plan to spend more on aid comes as nations emerge from the COVID crisis with budgets stretched; the UK aid budget has been cut.
- The focus on rallying private capital means that B3W project profitability is key; openness and sustainability will also be scrutinised.