A component of key armed factions in both east and west, they have used their resulting military strength to impose their anti-democratic worldview and hardline social agenda. Their rise has alarmed many, including civil society advocates and religious minorities who fear further targeting, and has led to clashes in some areas.
- Growing Madkhali influence threatens Libya’s already constrained civil society space.
- Libyan women, who have seen their public role diminished, fear that a more empowered Madkhali current could accelerate the trend.
- Madkhali preaching against Western organisations risks stoking wider anti-Western sentiment that can affect investment opportunities.