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Israel ties could fundamentally change Gulf structures

Thursday, January 21, 2021


Bahrain also joined the ‘Abraham Accords’ in late 2020, while Sudan and Morocco promised to follow suit.


  • Oman will likely keep its existing good but informal Israel ties; Qatar may in due course decide to formalise links.
  • Kuwait is the least likely Gulf state to join, given its tradition of offering refuge to Palestinians and strong public support for them.
  • Further success for right-wing parties in Israel hostile to Arabs could unsettle Gulf leaders who have agreed to normalisation.
  • Turkey, facing hostility from a new bloc comprising Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, might decide to seek reconciliation.
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