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Norms can undermine Middle East and Africa transitions

Wednesday, January 6, 2021


Transitions following a peace agreement are typically seen as major opportunities for democratisation and new constitution making, and sometimes for national dialogue, reconciliation, transitional justice and institutional reform. Outcomes, however, are often disappointing.


  • The peace agreement and transition framework in South Sudan may face mounting setbacks, bringing its credibility into question.
  • Civil society groups will struggle to get their views about transition heard.
  • International and local peacebuilding NGOs may suffer more than other organisations from aid cuts.
  • The Libya dialogue may aim for a limited outcome that prioritises a short transition to elections rather than a comprehensive transition.
  • Calls may grow for a new approach to reach a political settlement in Yemen, given the meagre results of the existing UN mediation approach.
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