Food security and land management.
A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reviewing the impacts of climate change on land highlights that climate change is happening faster over land than the global average. This has direct negative impacts for agricultural production, water availability and food security. However, the increasing severity of these impacts will also reduce longer-term adaptation options through land-based strategies, and the ability of soil to act as a carbon sink. The prospect of large-scale bioenergy-based technologies to achieve negative emissions also faces trade-offs and competition with other land uses.
- Better natural capital accounting for ecosystem services will incentivise climate-sensitive land management strategies.
- Carbon pricing may expand to agricultural systems, but is thus far untested.
- Investment in early-warning systems can reduce risks from extreme weather events on agricultural production.