Outlook for out-migration from Eritrea.
A year after the surprise Ethiopia-Eritrea peace deal, much has changed in regional politics but there is little corresponding evidence of structural change within Eritrea. Consequently, hopes that high levels of out-migration might drop are fading, though migrants’ journeys do show a responsiveness to changing political agendas and opportunities in host countries.
- Despite engagement with international actors on regional issues and human rights, Asmara will resist pressure for domestic reforms.
- Policy incoherence among European donors increases insecurity for migrants and may undermine longer-term European interests in the Horn.
- Initiatives that target smuggling will prove little more than palliative in a regional context riven by structural drivers of migration.