On July 31 the US government announced sanctions against President Nicolas Maduro, one of only four heads of state to face a US travel ban and asset freeze. Maduro is claiming an implausible turnout of 8.1 million voters in the elections for 545 delegates to the Constituent Assembly. The vote went ahead amid violent opposition protests and despite strong international pressure to reverse the presidential initiative.
- US threats of "swift economic sanctions" may follow if the new Constituent Assembly dissolves the National Assembly.
- Peru has convened a meeting of regional foreign ministers for August 8 to discuss responses to the Venezuelan crisis.
- The Constituent Assembly is likely to begin meeting this week.