Montenegro’s accession is a symbolic coup for NATO, overcoming sustained opposition from Russia. However, its resources are small, rekindling the debate about what new members contribute to the pact.
- Defence spending is likely to rise but few states apart from Romania will reach NATO’s target of 2% of GDP.
- The mini-arms race between Croatia and Serbia will be limited in scope.
- Russia’s share in Balkan defence markets will shrink slowly.