Many politicians and people who suffered in the wars of the 1990s in both countries will see the ICJ decision as a miscarriage of justice. The current tense relations between Belgrade and Zagreb after Croatia's presidential election could prove to be not a temporary downturn but a more ominous trend.
- With nationalist rhetoric set to rise ahead of Croatian parliamentary elections, relations will continue to deteriorate in 2015.
- The HDZ's likely ascent to power in Croatia makes improvement of relations less likely.
- Serbia could easily find its EU path blocked by Croatia over unresolved bilateral issues in the near future.