Transnistria as a security risk.
Transnistria, led by President Yevgeny Shevchuk, came to prominence following a military conflict with Moldova in 1992 and has been a de facto Russian dependency ever since. The small area of land along the Dniester river is currently largely peaceful. Its self-proclaimed status is unrecognised by the international community. Its position between Moldova and Ukraine, especially its proximity to Odesa, makes it a possible bridgehead for a Russia-led security operation in support of the Donetsk and Luhansk rebel 'republics' and potentially Crimea.
- Moldova will be deterred from seeking NATO membership by Russia's threat to recognise Transnistria's independence.
- Transnistria's closer ties to Russia will lead to a growing economic informal relationship with Eurasian Economic Union (EEU).
- For Ukraine, Russia's military presence in Transnistria will remain a cause for concern and lead to stricter border control.